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2018高考英语频频出现的易错语法讲解:定语从句语法精讲

英语小编:静静2017-09-22 16:58:40

  在英语从句中,定语从句从句是比较难的一大块知识,关系词的分类已经足以把很多同学搞晕了。秦学教育小编接下来为大家讲解2018高考英语频频出现的易错语法----定语从句语法精讲!更多教育资讯与学习资料的免费领取,敬请关注秦学教育陕西官网!

2018高考英语频频出现的易错语法讲解:定语从句语法精讲

  2017高考英语语法易错点之定语从句

  1.定语从句的由来

  何为定语? 是修饰n./pron.的部分

  以句子的形式修饰名词或代词

  蓝蓝的天空,清澈的湖水 定语:“蓝蓝的”“清澈的”(形容词)

  For instance:a little boy

  the teacher in the classroom(定语后置)

  a smiling girl

  The girl who is smiling is our class teacher.

  =The girl is our class teacher.+She is smiling.

  修饰的作用,修饰的对象

  warm up

  The boy is my brother. He is playing computer games.(who)

  The boy who is playing computer games is my brother.

  She is my grandmother.I should take care of her.(that)

  She is my grandmother who/whom/that I should take care of.

  2.定语从句的结构

  This is the factory that I want to visit.

  先行词+关系词+从句

  3.关系词的分类及应用

  关系代词:which that who whom whose

  关系副词:when where why

  more practice

  A doctor is a person. He looks after people’s health.

  A doctor is a person who/that looks after people’s health.

  Mr. White invited many friends to his party,He respected them much.

  Mr. White invited many friends to his party who/whom/that he respected them much.

  Nancy is the right person.You can depend on her.

  Nancy is the right person on whom you can depend.

  The girl is our monitor. Her father is a model worker.

  The girl whose father is a model worker is our monitor.

  conclusion

  指代sb.的关系代词:who/whom/that/whose

  (1)A doctor is a person who/that looks after people’s health.

  (2)Mr.White invited many friends to his party who/whom/that he respected them much.

  (3)Nancy is the right person on whom you can depend.

  有没有发现相同之处?

  先行词:sb.

  (4)表示所有格的whose

  1.表示人的所有:The girl whose father is a model worker is our monitor.

  2.表示物的所有:I like the room whose window looks out over the sea.

  summery

  关系代词 关系词 先行词 在从句中成分

  that sb./sth. 主/宾/表

  who sb. 主/宾

  whom sb. 宾

  whose sb./sth. 定(表从属)

  Exercise

  Most people have never heard of Tim Berners-Lee.He is not nearly as rich or famous Marc Andreesen,who was cofounder of Netscape,or Bill Gates,whose name has become a household word.

  Berners-Lee,who works in a small office at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology,is the creator of the World Wide Web.The creation of the Web is so important that some people compare Berners-Lee to Johann Gutenberg,who invented printing by moveable type in the fifteenth century.

  Berners-Lee was born in England in 1955.His parents,who helped design the world’s first commercially available computer,gave him a great love of mathematics and learning,

  连词成句

  is this the girl is whose pronunciation the best in our class.

  This is the girl whose pronunciation is the best in our class.

  who talked with you the man my friend is

  The man who you talked with is my friend.

  The man who/that is very cool is my favorite singer ,Jay Chou.

  The football star whose skills are excellent is Messi

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